Pesticide studies (animal and human)

The GMO 90+ project: (2019) Toxicological Sciences Coumoul et al tested MON810 (RR) and NK11(Bt) genetically modified maize based diets on Wistar rats 90 day to six month trial.  Many statistical differences in hormones and liver and kidney function as well as allergy markers raised when seen between the two diets and controls.

Agrichemicals and antibiotics in combination increase antibiotic resistance evolution. (2018) PeerJ 6:e5801. Kurenbach B, et al demonstrate that bacteria may acquire antibiotic resistance in the environment at rates substantially faster than predicted from laboratory conditions.

Transfer of Cry1F from Bt maize to eggs of resistant Spodoptera frugiperda (2018). PLoS ONE 13(9): e0203791. Souza et al study found that 10-day old larvae of Cry1F toxin resistant Fall Army worm that fed on Cry1F Bt maize until pupation, then mated to produce eggs, transferred the Cry1F toxin to offspring.

Environmental Exposure to Glyphosate and Reproductive Health Impacts in Agricultural Population of Argentina (2018) Journal of Environmental Protection, 2018, 9, 241-253.  Dr. Avila-Vazquez et al study confirms that the environmental exposure to glyphosate is associated with an increase in reproductive disorders (spontaneous abortion and congenital abnormalities) in a rural Argentinian village.

Herbicide ingredients change Samonella enterica sv. Typhimurium and Escherichia coli antibiotic responses (2017) Kurenbach B. et al. Microbiology Good paper on herbicides that affect the susceptability to antibiotics. 

Survey Report Improved Health After Avoiding Genetically Modified Foods. (2017) International Journal of Human Nutritional and Functional Medicine.  Jeffrey Smith, Director of Institute for Responsible Technology.

Multiomics reveal non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in rats following chronic exposure to an ultra-low dose of Roundup herbicide. (2017). Sci. Rep. 7, 39328. >Mesnage et al. Results show Roundup herbicide cause liver disease with implications to human health.

GM crops and herbicides time to re assess risk assessment methods2017 Sci blogs. Professor Heinemann's evaluation of the NK603 studies with reference to human health. 

An integrated multi-omics analysis of the NK603 Roundup-tolerant GM maize reveals metabolism disturbances caused by the transformation process (2016) Scientific Reports, 6, 37855. Studies show that molecular profiling of NK603 corn and its isogenic control are not substantially equivalent.

Assessment of the level of damage to the genetic material of children exposed to pesticides in the province of Córdoba.BERNARDI, Natalí et al . Arch. argent. pediatr.  v. 113,  n.2, 2015 .  The study compares children living in Marcos Juárez (Córdoba) at different distances from pesticide-sprayed areas with children from the city of Río Cuarto (Córdoba), who were considered not to be exposed to pesticides.

A long-term toxicology study on pigs fed a combined genetically modified (GM) soy and GM maize diet (2013) Dr. Carman J et al,  Journal of Organic Systems Vol.8 No.1. Findings of significance: Severe stomach inflamation and enlarged uterii in GM fed pigs.

GMO Judy Carman Evidence of Harm in pig study (2013)

Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases (2013) Samsel and Seneff.  Excellent breakdown on the effects of Glyphosate on digestive and gut problems.  Similar findings can be linked to Carman et al study on pigs .

 Hematotoxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis as Spore-crystal Strains Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2Aa in Swiss Albino Mice. Mezzomo BP, Miranda-Vilela AL, Freire IdS, Barbosa LCP, Portilho FA, (2013) J Hematol Thromb Dis 1:104.

Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup tolerant genetically modified maize. A two year feeding study on rats by Gilles-Eric Seralini et al  (2014) Environmental Sciences Eurpoe: 26:14.

Fate of Transgenic DNA from orally administered Bt MON810 Maize and effects on Immune response and growth in Pigs. Walsh et al, 31 day study on pigs fed MON810 maize, 2011.

GM soy linked to health damage in pigs - a Danish Dossier, GM Watch, 27/04/2012

GE Feeding Studies biological effects of transgenic maizeNK603xMon810 fed in long term reproduction studies in mice. '

Bt Brinjal a detailed assessment by Dr. Jo Gallagher.

Survival of GE soy in the Gut. Soy Feeding study on humans found Tg survived digestion.

Mice feeding study on transgenic Peas CSIRO (2005)

Reports on GM animal trials in New Zealand

GE Animals in New Zealand:the first fifteen years, 2000-2015. A detailed report written by Claire Bleakley, on the trials of GE animals bred to express human proteins in the milks referenced from their annual reports and Official information Act (IOA) requests..

Executive summary.

Tudisco R., Calabrò S.,  Cutrignelli M.I., Moniello G., Grossi M., Mastellone V., P. Lombardi P., Pero M.E. & Infascelli F., Genetically modified soybean in a goat diet: Influence on kid performance. Small Ruminant Res. (2015), Volume 126, Supplement 1, Pages 67–74

International Reports and Submission on GM Regulations

Final Report of the Technical Expert Committee (TEC), (2012) Recommendations on the Regulation of GE, ratified by the Supreme court of India in June 2013.

A submission by BIO: Biotechnology Industry Organisations submission to the US trade negotiator at the TPP (2009)

GM Test Results

University of the Free State South Africa, GM test results on Bokoma and Springbok maize and soya products. 

Reports on Traditional Agriculture research.  

OANZ Market Report 2016. OANZ Organic Market Report on the growth, diversity and confidence of Organic ptoduction.  

Rodale Institute Trial: 30 Years. Long term study comparing Organic, conventinal and GE agricultural outcomes. Excellent

Olivier De Schutter Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, 2010, UN General Assembly

Taptiklis N, 2008, Sweetening the deal – High sugar grasses in Reducing New Zealand’s Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emissions

"Climate Smart" Agriculture, The Hague Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate change, 2010.

Agriculture at a Crossroads: Synthesis Report. International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development, IAASTD,(Biotech: p.40-45, Trad: 71-79)

Biodiversity on Farmland Good management practices: A report on the enhancement of biodiversity on farmland. Heinz Watties Organic Farm in New Zealand research

Drought Tolerant Maize... African research on non-GE ways to farm with saved seeds adapted to the environment.

Food Sovreignty Systems Feeding the world, regenerating ecosystems, Rebuilding local economies, cooling the planet, all at the same time. Alliance for Food Sovreignty 2011

GE in Free Trade Deals TPPA

Sustainability Council NZ 2011, Right to Choose GM free food on the line with GM Free trade deal.

GE and NZ Councils.

Hawkes Bay Consultation and submissions on Unitary Plan 2013: Dr. Kerry Grundy, Dr. Jack Heinemann, Bruce Wills and others.

Community Management of GMO's II

Draft Section 32 Report: Managing Risks Associated with Outdoor Use of Genetically Modified Organisms

Legal Opinions Managing Risks Associated with Outdoor Use of Genetically Modified Organisms Dr Royden Somerville QC

GE and DNA/RNA effects 

Professor Jack Heinemann, Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen and Dr. Judy Carman (2013) A comparative evaluation of the regulation of GM crops or products containing dsRNA and suggested improvements to risk assessments.


Professor Jack Heinemann's Expert Scientific Opinion 13/09/2012
Professor Judy Carman's Expert Scientific Opinion
Professor Michael Antoniou's Expert Scientific Appraisal of Heinemann and Carman's Work
Heinemann's Expert Scientific Opinion: Appendix 1
Heinemann's Expert Scientific Opinion:
Appendix 2

How GMO foods alter organ function and pose a very real health threat to humans, Mike Adams, Natural Health News 12/03/2012 (video)

GE in Society and Media

Wills P. R., Carter C.W. (2017) How life arose from primordial muck. New theory on RNA evolution. Life on Earth originated in an intimate partnership between the nucleic acids (genetic instructions for all organisms and small proteins called peptides. 

An Overview of Genetic Modification in New Zealand 1973-2013: The first forty yearsProject 2058, McGuinness Institute (Executive Summary, Full Report, Appendicies)

Weaver K C. and Motion J., 2002, Sabotage and subterfuge: public relations, democracy and genetic engineering in New Zealand

New Zealand's 'Clean Green Image: Will GM plants damage it?

TVNZ guilty of breach of standards: Public misled over GE Moratorium

GE Crops.

GE Seed patents

Seed Giants vs. US Farmers by The Centre of Food Safety and Save our Seeds. Excellent detailed report on the issues around plant patent rights, Monsanto's entrapment of farmers under GE patents. 

GE crop performance

Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest. Heinemann J., Massaro M., Coray D., Apapito-Tenfen S. & Wen J (2013) International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. Detailed report on the crops performance and yield.

GMO Myths and Truths Dr. Michael Antoniou, Claire Robinson, John Fagan. June 2012,  Open source, collaborative approaches to achieve a sustainable food system

High and Dry Report, Doug Gurian Sherman, Union of Concerned Scientists, June 2012

Hazardous Harvest Genetically Modified Crops in South Africa 2008 - 2012 African Centre for Bio Safety, May 2012,

HEAVY HANDS: Monsanto's control of South Africa, African Centre of Bio Safety, May 2011

Who benefits from GE crops? The Friends of the Earth International annual report, February 2011, analyses major new developments regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in various regions around the world.

Biotechnology and Sustainable Development, Findings from the UN-led International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development, PAN 2010

Failure to Yeild, Evaluating the performance of genetically engineered crops, Union of Concerned Scientists, 2009

How much Bt toxin do GE MON 810 plants actually produce? Greenpeace (2007) good report on the levels of Bt toxin throughout the growing season

GE contamination Greenpeace

Pesticides used in and on

Compositional differences in soybeans on the market: Glyphosate accumulates in Roundup Ready GM soybeans. Bøhn T., Cuhra M., Traavik T., Sanden M., Fagan J. and Primicerio R. (2014) Food Chemistry, Volume 153, Pages 207–215 

What you should know about Dows 2,4-D GM maize,  African Centre for Biosafety, July 2012

Bt cotton in Andhra Pradesh - 3 year assessment (2002-2004) Results from the village based grass roots researchers reporting on their findings.

GE Ecosystem impacts

Field-evolved resistance by western corn rootworm to multiple Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in transgenic maize Gassmann A J.,  Petzold-Maxwell J L., Clifton E H. ,  Dunbar M W.,  Hoffmann A M., Ingber D A. and Keweshan R S.  PNAS. 2014 : 1317179111v1-201317179. Bt crops producing lower dose toxin against target pests may select for resistance rapidly; consequently, current approaches for managing Bt resistance should be reexamined.

Bacterial and fungal communities in the rhizosphere of field grown GM pine trees 

Pine Pollen drift C. Williams. Excellent study on weather conditions and pollen drift.

Ecological Impacts of Bt cotton (2004) Vadakatto G. and Watson S., CSIRO. A Good Australian study research.